# ttrTests: Its Great Thesis and Incredible Potential

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I stumbled on the ttrTests R package as mentioned in my post ttrTests Experimentation. I did not recognize its potential until I spent much more time absorbing the basis of the package—David St. John’s thesis Technical Analysis Based on Moving Average Convergence and Divergence. Since the title specifically addresses MACD, which I have had little luck implementing, I dismissed much of the content. However, the power of the thesis extends well beyond MACD to all systematic methods and describes tests to ensure luck is not the source of a system’s returns. In the package documentation, there is a summary of the 5 main tests:

“Contains five major tests supported by other functions: Did the TTR strategy outperform a benchmark in the past data? Is the excess return significant, using bootstrapping to construct a confidence interval? Is the excess return explained by data snooping? Is the ’good’ choice of parameters robust across sub-samples? Is this robustness significant, using bootstrapping to construct a confidence interval?”

The tests expose luck, data snooping, trading costs, and parameter persistence across both degrees of freedom and subperiods. I look forward to documenting its power in my blog and also potentially working with the author to include in other R packages such as quantstrat.

Since I am running out of time, I first want to apply each of the tests to MACD in the same style as the package documentation and the thesis paper, but this time on a xts DJI object gathered through getSymbols rather than the spData provided with the package.

The output from the tests is very cumbersome, but I hope this set of examples will help provide a flavor for the package and its powerful tests. In my next couple of posts, I will run each test in much further detail on my basic custom CUD indicator and try to get the cumbersome output in a far more digestible and graphical format.

R code (click to download from Google Docs):

require(ttrTests)

require(quantmod) #get Dow Jones Industrials from Yahoo! Finance

getSymbols("^DJI",from="1896-01-01",to=Sys.Date())

#convert closing price to vector format which works best with ttrTests

DJI.vector <- as.vector(DJI[,4]) #using the defaults as mentioned in the thesis paper on MACD

#show each of the tests in order of their mention #quotes are from ttrTests package documentation

#"compares the performance of the TTR with some benchmark"

returnStats(DJI.vector) #"constructs a confidence interval for this performance"

#"and gives a p-value for the excess return observed in (1)."

nullModel(DJI.vector) #"constructs a p-value for the ’best’ choice"

#"of parameters within a given domain"

dataSnoop(DJI.vector,bSamples=3,test="RC")

dataSnoop(DJI.vector,bSamples=3,test="SPA") #"asks whether or not good choices of parameters"

#"were robust across different time periods"

#chose 8 since data is from 1928 will approximate by decade

subperiods(DJI.vector, periods=8) #and my favorite of all

#"tests if the persistence measure from subperiods()"

#"is statistically significant"

#this takes the longest (about 10 minutes on my i7 laptop)

paramPersist(DJI.vector)

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