Tis the Season to Check your SSL/TLS Cipher List Thrice (RCurl/curl/openssl)

November 17, 2018
By

(This article was first published on R – rud.is, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers)

The libcurl library (the foundational library behind the RCurl and curl packages) has switched to using OpenSSL’s default ciphers since version 7.56.0 (October 4 2017). If you’re a regular updater of curl/httr you should be fairly current with these cipher suites, but if you’re not a keen updater or use RCurl for your web-content tasks, you are likely not working with a recent cipher list and may start running into trouble as the internet self-proclaimed web guardians keep their wild abandon push towards “HTTPS Everywhere”.

Why is this important? Well, as a web consumer (via browsers) you likely haven’t run into any issues when visiting SSL/TLS-enabled sites since most browsers update super-frequently and bring along modern additions to cipher suites with them. Cipher suites are one of the backbones of assurance when it comes to secure connections to servers and stronger/different ciphers are continually added to openssl (and other libraries). If a server (rightfully) only supports a modern, seriously secure TLS configuration, clients that do not have such support won’t be able to connect and you’ll see errors such as:

SSL routines:SSL23_GET_SERVER_HELLO:sslv3 alert handshake failure

You can test what a server supports via tools like SSL Test. I’d point to a command-line tool but there are enough R users on crippled Windows systems that it’s just easier to have you point and click to see. If you are game to try a command-line tool then give testssl🔗 a go from an RStudio terminal (I use that suggestion specifically to be platform agnostic as I cannot assume R Windows users know how to use a sane shell). The testssl script has virtually no dependencies so it should “work everywhere”. Note that both SSL Test and testsslmake quite a few connections to a site so make sure you’re only using your own server(s) as test targets unless you have permission from others to use theirs (go ahead and hit mine if you like).

You can also see what your R client packages support. One could run:

library(magrittr)

read.table(
  text = system("openssl ciphers -v", intern=TRUE) %>% 
    gsub("[[:alpha:]]+=", "", .)
) %>% 
  setNames(
    c("ciphername", "protoccol_version", "key_exchange", "authentication", 
      "symmetric_encryption_method", "message_authentication_code")
  )

in attempt to do that via the openssl binary on your system, but Windows users likely won’t be able to run that (unlike every other modern OS including iOS) and it might not show you what your installed R client packages can handle since they may be using different libraries.

So, another platform-agnostic (but requiring a call to a web site, so some privacy leakage) is to use How’s My SSL.

ssl_check_url <- "https://www.howsmyssl.com/a/check"

jsonlite::fromJSON(
  readLines(url(ssl_check_url), warn = FALSE)
) -> base_chk

jsonlite::fromJSON(
  RCurl::getURL(ssl_check_url)
) -> rcurl_chk

jsonlite::fromJSON(
  rawToChar(
    curl::curl_fetch_memory(ssl_check_url)$content
  )
) -> curl_chk

Compare the $given_cipher_suites for each of those to see how they compare and also take a look at $rating. macOS and Linux users should have fairly uniform results for all three. Windows users may be in for a sad awakening (I mean you’re used to that on a regular basis, so it’s cool). You can also configure how you communicate what you support via the ssl_cipher_list cURL option (capitalization is a bit different with RCurl but I kinda want you to use the curl package so you’re on your own to translate. Note that you can’t game the system and claim you can handle a cipher you don’t actually have.

FIN

You should try to stay current with the OpenSSL (or equivalent) library on your operating system and also with the libcurl library on your system and then the curl, openssl, and RCurl packages. You may have production-rules requiring lead-times for changing configs but these should be in the “test when they make it to CRAN and install as-soon-as-possible-thereafter” category.

To leave a comment for the author, please follow the link and comment on their blog: R – rud.is.

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