# How to Scale Only Numeric Columns in R

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How to Scale Only Numeric Columns in R, To scale only the numeric columns in a data frame in R, use the dplyr package’s following syntax.

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library(dplyr) df %>% mutate(across(where(is.numeric), scale))

How to actually use this function is demonstrated in the example that follows.

Use dplyr to Scale Only Numeric Columns as an example.

Let’s say we have the R data frame shown below, which contains details about numerous basketball players.

## How to Scale Only Numeric Columns in R

Let’s create a data frame

df <- data.frame(Team=c('P1', 'P2', 'P3', 'P4', 'P5'), points=c(2, 3, 7, 22, 8), value=c(27, 39, 49, 82, 54))

Now we can view the data frame

df Team points value 1 P1 2 27 2 P2 3 39 3 P3 7 49 4 P4 22 82 5 P5 8 54

**Technical Remarks**

The following fundamental syntax is used by R’s scale() function.

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scale(x, center = TRUE, scale = TRUE)

where:

**x:** Name of the object to scale

**center:** whether to scale after subtracting the mean. As a rule, TRUE.

**scale:** Whether to scale after dividing by the standard deviation. As a general, TRUE.

Scaled values are calculated using the following formula by this function:

xscaled = (xoriginal – x̄) / s

where:

**xoriginal:** The original x-value

**x̄: **The sample mean

**s:** The sample standard deviation

This process, which only changes each original value into a z-score, is also known as normalizing data.

Let’s say we want to scale the data frame’s numeric columns solely, using R’s scale function.

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To do this, we can use the syntax shown below.

library(dplyr)

scale just the data frame’s numerical columns.

df %>% mutate(across(where(is.numeric), scale)) Team points value 1 P1 -0.79813157 -1.1284228 2 P2 -0.67342351 -0.5447558 3 P3 -0.17459128 -0.0583667 4 P4 1.69602958 1.5467175 5 P5 -0.04988322 0.1848279

The team column has remained the same, but the values in the three numerical columns (points, assists, and rebounds) have been scaled.

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