# How to Add Superscripts and Subscripts to Plots in R?

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The post How to Add Superscripts and Subscripts to Plots in R? appeared first on Data Science Tutorials

How to Add Superscripts and Subscripts to Plots in R?, The basic syntax for adding superscripts or subscripts to charts in R is as follows.

define superscript expression

x.expression <- expression(x^3 ~ variable ~ label)

define subscript expression

y.expression <- expression(y[3] ~ variable ~ label)

axis labels with expressions

plot(x, y, xlab = x_expression, ylab = y_expression)

## How to Add Superscripts and Subscripts to Plots in R?

These examples demonstrate how to apply this syntax in real-world situations.

### Example 1: Axis labels with superscripts

The code below demonstrates how to add superscripts to an R plot’s axis labels.

Let’s create some data

x <- c(11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18) y <- c(9, 10, 19, 18, 12, 19, 16, 19)

create x and y-axis labels with superscripts

x.expression <- expression(x^3 ~ variable ~ label) y.expression <- expression(y^3 ~ variable ~ label)

Now we can create a plot

plot(x, y, xlab = x.expression, ylab = y.expression)

Take note of the superscript in the labels of the x- and y-axes.

The graphic has a little gap where the y-axis superscript should be. With the help of R’s par() function, we can bring the axis labels closer to the plot.

adjust par values (default is (3, 0, 0))

par(mgp=c(2.5, 1, 0)) plot(x, y, xlab = x.expression, ylab = y.expression)

Remarkably, we selected “3” at random to go in the superscript. You are permitted to use any character or number as a superscript.

### Example 2: Add Axis Labels with Subscripts

The code below demonstrates how to add subscripts to an axis label in an R plot.

x.expression <- expression(x[3] ~ variable ~ label) y.expression <- expression(y[3] ~ variable ~ label) plot(x, y, xlab = x.expression, ylab = y.expression)

The post How to Add Superscripts and Subscripts to Plots in R? appeared first on Data Science Tutorials

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