Not my post, just bookmarking this. It’s from http://goanna.cs.rmit.edu.au/~fscholer/anova.php ANOVA (and R) The ANOVA Controversy ANOVA is a statistical process for analysing the amount of variance that is contributed to a sample by different factors. It was initially derived by R. A. Fisher in 1925, for the case of balanced data (equal numbers of observations