# Blog Archives

## Convert factors to numbers

November 29, 2007
By

If you have a vector of factors it is easy to get the factor level; however, I always forget how to extract the factor value. I ran into the answer here.> x<-factor(c(round(rnorm(10),2),"A","B",NA))> x 1.61 1.12 1.26 0.09 -0.13 0.16 -0.03 -0.1 0.09 -0.47 A ...

## Convert factors to numbers

November 29, 2007
By

If you have a vector of factors it is easy to get the factor level; however, I always forget how to extract the factor value. I ran into the answer here. > x<-factor(c(round(rnorm(10),2),"A","B",NA))> x 1.61 1.12 1.26 0.09 -0.13 0.16 -0.03 -0.1 0.09 -0.47 A ...

## Preparing plots for publication

November 15, 2007
By

The plotting capabilities of R are excellent; however, when I am preparing a figure for publication, I often need to combine multiple plots or add objects (e.g., arrows or text) to an existing plot. While this can be accomplished in R, my patience for ...

## Preparing plots for publication

November 15, 2007
By

The plotting capabilities of R are excellent; however, when I am preparing a figure for publication, I often need to combine multiple plots or add objects (e.g., arrows or text) to an existing plot. While this can be accomplished in R, my patience for ...

## Approximate sunrise and sunset times

October 17, 2007
By

This function is not perfect, but it does a reasonable job estimating sunrise and sunset times for my field site. If more accurate data are required, try here. Note, the command to calculate day of year is: strptime(x, "%m/%d/%Y")\$yday+1suncalc<-fun...

## Approximate sunrise and sunset times

October 17, 2007
By

This function is not perfect, but it does a reasonable job estimating sunrise and sunset times for my field site. If more accurate data are required, try here. Note, the command to calculate day of year is: strptime(x, "%m/%d/%Y")\$yday+1suncalc<-fun...

## Convert polar coordinates to Cartesian

October 14, 2007
By

When I want to calculate the coordinates of a location (e.g., a nest or burrow) based on distance and bearing from a grid point, this function helps me avoid writing down SOH-CAH-TOA every time. Just note that the bearing in this case is from the grid ...

## Convert polar coordinates to Cartesian

October 14, 2007
By

When I want to calculate the coordinates of a location (e.g., a nest or burrow) based on distance and bearing from a grid point, this function helps me avoid writing down SOH-CAH-TOA every time. Just note that the bearing in this case is from the grid ...

## Reorder factor levels

October 3, 2007
By

Very often, especially when plotting data, I need to reorder the levels of a factor because the default order is alphabetical. There must be many ways of reordering the levels; however, I always forget which package to look in. A direct way of reorderi...

## Reorder factor levels

October 3, 2007
By

Very often, especially when plotting data, I need to reorder the levels of a factor because the default order is alphabetical. There must be many ways of reordering the levels; however, I always forget which package to look in. A direct way of reorderi...