Very often, especially when plotting data, I need to reorder the levels of a factor because the default order is alphabetical. There must be many ways of reordering the levels; however, I always forget which package to look in. A direct way of reordering, using standard syntax is as follows:
## generate data x = factor(sample(letters[1:5],100, replace=TRUE)) print(levels(x)) ## This will show the levels of x are "Levels: a b c d e" ## To reorder the levels: ## note, if x is not a factor use levels(factor(x)) x = factor(x,levels(x)[c(4,5,1:3)]) print(levels(x)) ## Now "Levels: d e a b c"In this case, the level order could be set in the first line; however, if there are many levels (and you don’t want to type out all of the levels explicitly), the above method is preferred. Again, if there is a better way to do this, please let me know in the comments.