Compressed Sensing with R

October 15, 2012

(This article was first published on Scientific Memo, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers)

Compressed sensing (CS) is pretty much appealing all current signal processing research community. At the same time, popularity of R language gaining a strong foot in the research and industry. Even though historically MATLAB is a de-facto standard in signal processing community, R is becoming a serious alternative to this. For example, the quality of R in time-series analysis or medical imaging is now an accepted fact. 

Last year, I have demonstrated how one can use R in compressed sensing research in a
short tutorial in the pub, close to Liverpool street in London.  The package R1magic is available in CRAN. Package provides basic interface to perform 1-D compressed sensing with l1, TV penalized minimization. There are other packages doing similar regularized minimization. However the interface of R1magic is particularly designed for CS i.e. appearance of sparse bases in the objective function.  

Here is one simple example (
Version 0.1):

library(R1magic)#  Signal components
N <- 100
# Sparse components

K <- 4 
#  Up to Measurements  > K LOG (N/K)
M <- 40
# Measurement Matrix (Random Sampling Sampling)
phi <- GaussianMatrix(N,M)
# R1magic generate random signal
xorg <- sparseSignal(N, K, nlev=1e-3)
y <- phi %*% xorg ;# generate measurement
T <- diag(N) ;# Do identity transform
p <- matrix(0, N, 1) ;# initial guess
# R1magic Convex Minimization ! (unoptimized-parameter)
ll <- solveL1(phi, y, T, p)
x1 <- ll$estimate
plot( 1:100, seq(0.011,1.1,0.011), type = “n”,xlab=””,ylab=””)
title(main=”Random Sparse Signal Recovery”,
      xlab=”Signal Component”,ylab=”Spike Value”)
lines(1:100, xorg , col = “red”)
lines(1:100, x1, col = “blue”, cex = 1.5) 

# shifted by 5 for clearity

Blue line is the reconstructed signal with R1magic.

To leave a comment for the author, please follow the link and comment on their blog: Scientific Memo. offers daily e-mail updates about R news and tutorials on topics such as: Data science, Big Data, R jobs, visualization (ggplot2, Boxplots, maps, animation), programming (RStudio, Sweave, LaTeX, SQL, Eclipse, git, hadoop, Web Scraping) statistics (regression, PCA, time series, trading) and more...

If you got this far, why not subscribe for updates from the site? Choose your flavor: e-mail, twitter, RSS, or facebook...

Comments are closed.

Search R-bloggers


Never miss an update!
Subscribe to R-bloggers to receive
e-mails with the latest R posts.
(You will not see this message again.)

Click here to close (This popup will not appear again)