Installing and changing fonts in your plots comes now easy with the extrafonts-package.
There is a excellent tutorial on the extrafonts github site, still I will shortly demonstrate how it worked for me.
First, install the package and load it.
You can now install the desired system fonts (at the moment only TrueType fonts):
pattern argument just specifies the fonts to be installed; if you leave it out, the function will search automatically and install all fonts (see the
help function for
font_import in R.
You can now look at the fonts loaded to be used with R:
Alright, if you want to use the fonts to display graphs on-screen (what you normally want to do, e.g. in the plots-window in RStudio), you have to load the fonts to the Windows device:
Now we can just plot a graph. I will use the ggplot2 package to do so (and this is taken nearly verbatim from the github-site mentioned earlier) :
library(ggplot2) ggplot(mtcars, aes(x=wt, y=mpg)) + geom_point() + ggtitle("Fuel Efficiency of 32 Cars") + xlab("Weight (x1000 lb)") + ylab("Miles per Gallon") + theme(text=element_text(size=16, family="Comic Sans MS"))
Let’s now draw a chart using the xkcd-style. This has been debated on stackoverflow, and the guys there have come up with great examples! I basically just take their approach and modify it slightly to draw a graph on US GDP (gross domestic product) development. I download the data from the St. Louis Fed website, using the excellent
But first I need to get the font in xkcd style, and I’ve chosen to download it from here.
You now just have to install it, by right-clicking on the .ttf file and chose install.
font_import(pattern="[H/h]umor") library(quantmod) getSymbols("GDPC1", src="FRED") data <- data.frame(time=index(GDPC1), GDP=GDPC1)
Now data is donwloaded, the font is installed.
Next step: Create a ggplot2-theme that has xkcd “properties” – and this is what I’ve basically copied from stackoverflow. Note: Unlike on stackoverflow, I basically use only the font. I do not jitter the line, since it is real data that is “jittered” anyway.
The rest is just ggplot2 plotting:
### XKCD theme theme_xkcd <- theme( panel.background = element_rect(fill="white"), #axis.ticks = element_line(colour=NA), panel.grid = element_line(colour="white"), #axis.text.y = element_text(colour=NA), axis.text.x = element_text(colour="black"), text = element_text(size=16, family="Humor Sans") ) ### Plot the chart p <- ggplot(data=data, aes(x=time, y=GDPC1))+ geom_line(colour="red", size=1)+ ggtitle("development of US gross domestic product") + theme_xkcd p
If you want to save this chart now as pdf, you need to do another step: use
ggsave. But you need to embed the fonts in the PDF, and therefore you have to install Ghostscript. Tell R where Ghostscript sits on your machine, and the just embed the fonts:
ggsave("font_ggplot.pdf", plot=p, width=12, height=4) ## needed for Windows - make sure YOU have the correct path for your machine: Sys.setenv(R_GSCMD = "C:\\Program Files (x86)\\gs\\gs9.06\\bin\\gswin32c.exe") embed_fonts("font_ggplot.pdf")
There might be some warnings issued, but usually it works.
And finally: I do not take any credit for this work, it’s basically the developers of the
extrafont package and Mark Bulling on stackoverflow who made all this possible. Any remaining errors are mine.