# Approximate sunrise and sunset times

October 17, 2007
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This function is not perfect, but it does a reasonable job estimating sunrise and sunset times for my field site. If more accurate data are required, try here. Note, the command to calculate day of year is: strptime(x, “%m/%d/%Y”)\$yday+1

````suncalc<-function(d,Lat=48.1442,Long=-122.7551){  ## d is the day of year  ## Lat is latitude in decimal degrees  ## Long is longitude in decimal degrees (negative == West)    ##This method is copied from:  ##Teets, D.A. 2003. Predicting sunrise and sunset times.  ##  The College Mathematics Journal 34(4):317-321.   ## At the default location the estimates of sunrise and sunset are within  ## seven minutes of the correct times (http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/RS_OneYear.php)  ## with a mean of 2.4 minutes error.  ## Function to convert degrees to radians  rad<-function(x)pi*x/180    ##Radius of the earth (km)  R=6378    ##Radians between the xy-plane and the ecliptic plane  epsilon=rad(23.45)  ##Convert observer's latitude to radians  L=rad(Lat)  ## Calculate offset of sunrise based on longitude (min)  ## If Long is negative, then the mod represents degrees West of  ## a standard time meridian, so timing of sunrise and sunset should  ## be made later.  timezone = -4*(abs(Long)%%15)*sign(Long)  ## The earth's mean distance from the sun (km)  r = 149598000  theta = 2*pi/365.25*(d-80)  z.s = r*sin(theta)*sin(epsilon)  r.p = sqrt(r^2-z.s^2)  t0 = 1440/(2*pi)*acos((R-z.s*sin(L))/(r.p*cos(L)))    ##a kludge adjustment for the radius of the sun  that = t0+5   ## Adjust "noon" for the fact that the earth's orbit is not circular:  n = 720-10*sin(4*pi*(d-80)/365.25)+8*sin(2*pi*d/365.25)  ## now sunrise and sunset are:  sunrise = (n-that+timezone)/60  sunset = (n+that+timezone)/60  return(list("sunrise" = sunrise,"sunset" = sunset))}`
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