# How to Turn Off Scientific Notation in R?

**Data Science Tutorials**, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers]. (You can report issue about the content on this page here)

Want to share your content on R-bloggers? click here if you have a blog, or here if you don't.

The post How to Turn Off Scientific Notation in R? appeared first on Data Science Tutorials

How to Turn Off Scientific Notation in R?, The following ways can be used to disable scientific notation in R. The examples that follow each method’s use in action.

## Method 1: Turn Off Scientific Notation as a Global Setting

Suppose we multiply the following numbers in R:

Do the multiplication.

x <- 9999999 * 7852345

Now we can view the result

x [1] 7.852344e+13

Given the size of the output, scientific notation is used to display it.

The code that follows demonstrates how to disable scientific notation globally. This implies that no output will contain a variable expressed in scientific notation.

How to Replace String in Column using R – Data Science Tutorials

switch off all variables’ use of scientific notation

options(scipen=999)

Now let’s perform multiplication

x <- 9999999 * 7852345

View the result now

x [1] 78523442147655

Due to the fact that we disabled scientific notation, the complete number is now visible.

Because scipen has a default value of 0, you can change it by using options(scipen=0) in R:

turn scientific notation back on

options(scipen=0)

Now perform multiplication again

x <- 9999999 * 7852345

view result again

x [1] 7.852344e+13

## Method 2: Turn Off Scientific Notation for One Variable

The code below demonstrates how to disable scientific notation for a single variable:

Do the multiplication.

x <- 9999999 * 7892345 x [1] 7.892344e+13

Now display the result and turn of scientific notation

Create new variables from existing variables in R – Data Science Tutorials

format(x, scientific = F) [1] "78923442107655"

Let’s perform another multiplication

y <- 9499599899 * 12599997899

Let’s view the results

y [1] 1.196949e+20

Due to the fact that we only used the format() method on the first variable, it is the only one that is displayed without scientific notation.

5 Free Books to Learn Statistics For Data Science – Data Science Tutorials

The post How to Turn Off Scientific Notation in R? appeared first on Data Science Tutorials

**leave a comment**for the author, please follow the link and comment on their blog:

**Data Science Tutorials**.

R-bloggers.com offers

**daily e-mail updates**about R news and tutorials about learning R and many other topics. Click here if you're looking to post or find an R/data-science job.

Want to share your content on R-bloggers? click here if you have a blog, or here if you don't.