# How to Rotate Axis Labels in ggplot2?

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How to Rotate Axis Labels in ggplot2?.

Axis labels on graphs must occasionally be rotated.

Let’s look at how to rotate the labels on the axes in a ggplot2 plot.

Let’s begin by creating a basic data frame and the plot.

## Rotate Axis Labels in ggplot2

library(ggplot2) p <- ggplot(ToothGrowth, aes(x = factor(dose), y = len,fill=factor(dose))) + geom_boxplot() p

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### Rotation based on vjust and hjust

p + theme(axis.text.x = element_text(angle = 45, vjust = 1, hjust=1))

To ensure that the labels are close enough to the plot, you may need to alter the vjust and hjust values depending on the angle at which you rotate the labels.

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### Change axis tick mark labels

p + theme(axis.text.x = element_text(face = "bold", color = "red", size = 12, angle = 45), axis.text.y = element_text(face = "bold", color = "blue", size = 12, angle = 45))

### Remove x and y axis tick mark labels

Let’s Remove x and y-axis tick mark labels

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p + theme(axis.text.x = element_blank(), axis.text.y = element_blank())

### Remove axis ticks and tick mark labels

p + theme(axis.text.x = element_blank(), axis.text.y = element_blank(), axis.ticks = element_blank())

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