Want to share your content on R-bloggers? click here if you have a blog, or here if you don't.

Last week, a new version of {attempt} was published on CRAN. This version includes some improvements in the current code base, and the addition of new functions.

You can get it with our old friend install.packages

install.packages("attempt")


News in version 0.3.0

library(attempt)
packageVersion("attempt")

## [1] '0.3.0'


Newcomers in this version:

• The is_try_error() function, that tests if an object is of class “try-error”.
x <- attempt(log(letters), silent = TRUE)
is_try_error(x)

## [1] TRUE

• The on_error() function, that behaves as on.exit() except it happens only when there is an error in the function, and can for example be used to write logs to a file.
y <- function(x){
on_error(~ print("ouch")) # or on_error(~ write("error", "error.logs"))
log(x)
}
y(12)
y("a")

[1] 2.484907
Error in log(x) : non-numeric argument to mathematical function
[1] "ouch"

• discretly(), for removing warnings and message.
y <- function(x){
warning("ouch\n")
message("bla")
x * 10
}
y(10)

## Warning in y(10): ouch

## bla

## [1] 100

discrete_y <- discretly(y)
discrete_y(10)

## [1] 100


About {attempt}

{attempt} is a package that provides a series of tools for defensive programming. It’s mainly designed for (package) developers, as it provides easier ways to handle exceptions and to manipulate functions for messages, warnings and errors. It’s also a very lightweight package, as it only depends on {rlang}, which itself has no dependencies.

For example, let’s say you have a function that needs at least one argument to be not-null. You would be tempted to write something like this:

this <- function(a = NULL, b = NULL, c = NULL){
if (all(is.null(a), is.null(b), is.null(c))){
stop("a, b and c can't be all NULL")
}
list(a, b, c)
}
this()

## Error in this(): a, b and c can't be all NULL

# Or
this <- function(a = NULL, b = NULL, c = NULL){
if (all(vapply(c(a, b, c), is.null, logical(1)))){
stop("a, b and c can't be all NULL")
}
list(a, b, c)
}
this()

## Error in this(): a, b and c can't be all NULL

this(a = 1)

## [[1]]
## [1] 1
##
## [[2]]
## NULL
##
## [[3]]
## NULL


With {attempt}, you can refactor your code this way:

library(attempt)
this <- function(a = NULL, b = NULL, c = NULL){
stop_if_all(c(a, b, c), is.null, "a, b and c can't be all NULL")
list(a, b, c)
}
this()

## Error: a, b and c can't be all NULL

# Mappers can also be used
this <- function(a){
stop_if(a, ~ .x < 5, "a must be over 5")
}
this(1)

## Error: a must be over 5


To handle all cases, there is a series of function combining stop_if / warn_if / message_if & all, any and none. See ?stop_if for a list of all functions.

The idea being of course that if you have a series of tests, this can drastically reduce the amount of code at the beginning of the function, and make it more readable on the long run. So you can refactor this:

this <- function(a = NULL, b = NULL, c = NULL){
if (all(is.null(a), is.null(b), is.null(c))){
stop("a, b and c can't be all NULL\n")
}
if (any(vapply(c(a, b, c), function(x) x < 5, logical(1)))){
warning("using input below 5 is not recommended\n")
}
if (!any(c(a == 13, b == 13, c == 13))){
message("No input equal to 13\n")
}
# Do things
}
this()

## Error in this(): a, b and c can't be all NULL

this(a = 3)

## Warning in this(a = 3): using input below 5 is not recommended

## No input equal to 13

this(a = 10)

## No input equal to 13


To this:

this <- function(a = NULL, b = NULL, c = NULL){
stop_if_all(c(a, b, c), is.null, "a, b and c can't be all NULL")
warn_if_any(c(a, b, c), ~ .x < 5, "using input below 5 is not recommended")
message_if_none(c(a, b, c), ~ .x == 13, "No input equal to 13")
# Do things
}


The attempt() function, along with try_catch, are friendlier version of try() and tryCatch(). They behave exactly like the base functions, but provide an easier interface. For example, if you need to try something and throw a message if it fails, with base, you’ll do:

x <- try(log("a"), silent = TRUE)
if (class(x)[1] == "try-error"){
stop("There was an error in your code")
}

## Error in eval(expr, envir, enclos): There was an error in your code


attempt() provides a concise way to send a message on error:

attempt(log("a"), "There was an error in your code")

## Error: There was an error in your code


• silently returns nothing unless an error occurs
silent_log <- silently(log)
silent_log(1)
silent_log("a")

## Error in .f(...) : non-numeric argument to mathematical function

• surely will wrap the function in an attempt call:
sure_log <- surely(log)
sure_log(1)

## [1] 0

sure_log("a")

## Error: non-numeric argument to mathematical function

• The with_message() / with_warning() & without_message() / without_warning() / discretly() functions add or remove messages and warnings:
matrix(1:3, ncol = 2)

## Warning in matrix(1:3, ncol = 2): data length [3] is not a sub-multiple or
## multiple of the number of rows [2]

##      [,1] [,2]
## [1,]    1    3
## [2,]    2    1

no_warning_matrix <- without_warning(matrix)
no_warning_matrix(1:3, ncol = 2)

##      [,1] [,2]
## [1,]    1    3
## [2,]    2    1


Know more

See the GitHub repo for more.