Mean trophic levels of a genera from FishBase
How would you selectively aggregate observations using R? For instance,
say you have a table of trophic level estimates by fish species, but
many species are missing values. For those species missing a value, you
want to assign them the mean for their genus. I recently saw a post from
Trevor Branch saying he had figured out exactly how to do this.
It got me thinking, what is the shortest way I could think of making
this selective summary.
Here is my solution. I think it makes a nice lesson in using the
First up we should load in the
rfishbase package, which gives us
access to the FishBase API (“Application
To make this fast, we won’t do all fish species on Fish Base, but just
the groupers (family Serranidae). Let’s find out their species names and
make a new variable
gensp that is the latin binomial (we will need
groupers <- fishbase %>% filter(Family == "Serranidae") %>% mutate(gensp = paste(Genus, Species)) nrow(groupers) ##  537
If you haven’t seen the
%>% ‘pipe’ symbol before, you had better look
dplyr vignettes. Its a convenient way to string multiple
commands together. So we now have a
groupers data frame with a
variable. We can access the trophic information from fishbase using the
grptroph <- ecology(groupers$gensp, fields = c("DietTroph")) nrow(grptroph) ##  233 head(grptroph) ## sciname StockCode DietTroph SpecCode ## 1 Acanthistius brasilianus NA NA 351 ## 2 Acanthistius fuscus NA NA 59850 ## 3 Acanthistius pictus NA 4.23 57960 ## 4 Aethaloperca rogaa NA NA 6441 ## 5 Alphestes afer NA 3.58 8726 ## 6 Alphestes immaculatus NA NA 8727
ecology produces another dataframe (actually a
tibble which is a
similar but not the same to a
data.frame but it works well with
dplyr). Note that species with missing info are excluded from the
result, so we only have 233 grouper species now.
Note there is also a
FoodTroph field, which is calculated slightly
differently. Check out the fishbase
for more info.
Now just join our
grptroph back go
groupers so we get empty rows for
species with missing diet info:
d2 <- left_join(groupers, grptroph) nrow(d2) ##  537
Great, back to all 537 species.
Now the heart of my little program, produce a new dataframe
d3 with a
trophall will contain the species trophic
level if it has its own value and its genus mean trophic level if it doesn’t have
its own value (for some genera don’t have any measurements so get
d3 <- d2 %>% group_by(Genus) %>% mutate(mntroph = mean(DietTroph, na.rm = T)) %>% ungroup() %>% mutate(trophall = ifelse(is.na(DietTroph), mntroph, DietTroph))
To step through this we:
d2and group it by the variable
Calculate the mean of
DietTroph, removing missing values.
group_bycommand means we get the mean across species within
Ungroup, so further calculations (using
mutate) are not
grouped by genus
trophallby assigning the genera mean if
a species had a missing value in
DietTrophand keeping the value
DietTrophif the species value wasn’t missing.
Let’s check the result:
d3 %>% select(Genus, Species, DietTroph, trophall) %>% data.frame() %>% head(20) ## Genus Species DietTroph trophall ## 1 Acanthistius brasilianus NA 4.23 ## 2 Acanthistius cinctus NA 4.23 ## 3 Acanthistius fuscus NA 4.23 ## 4 Acanthistius joanae NA 4.23 ## 5 Acanthistius ocellatus NA 4.23 ## 6 Acanthistius pardalotus NA 4.23 ## 7 Acanthistius patachonicus NA 4.23 ## 8 Acanthistius paxtoni NA 4.23 ## 9 Acanthistius pictus 4.23 4.23 ## 10 Acanthistius sebastoides NA 4.23 ## 11 Acanthistius serratus NA 4.23 ## 12 Aethaloperca rogaa NA NaN ## 13 Alphestes afer 3.58 3.58 ## 14 Alphestes immaculatus NA 3.58 ## 15 Alphestes multiguttatus NA 3.58 ## 16 Anatolanthias apiomycter NA NaN ## 17 Anthias anthias NA NaN ## 18 Anthias asperilinguis NA NaN ## 19 Anthias cyprinoides NA NaN ## 20 Anthias helenensis NA NaN
Finally, let’s find out what our Estuary cod gets:
d3 %>% filter(gensp == "Epinephelus malabaricus") %>% select(trophall) ## # A tibble: 1 × 1 ## trophall ## <dbl> ## 1 3.89
That’s how I would solve Trevor’s problem. Let me know if you have a
more elegant way.