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## How to inset a plot on another plot in R

The difficulty of plotting one plot over the top of another in R has always frustrated me. I often end up opening some photo editing software (like Gimp, which is free) and doing it manually. However, manual editing can be frustrating if you need to change the plot.

A histogram with a boxplot inset

I just learned a hassle free way to create insets (thanks to Ben Stewart-Koster) and wanted to share it, so here it is:

First, let’s simulate some fake data

x <- rnorm(100)
y <- rbinom(100, 1, 0.5)


Now the key step, use par to set the fig param to your desired coordinate space. e.g. in the below we can specify figures positions in 0-1 on both the x and y coordinates:

par(fig = c(0,1,0,1))


hist(x)


Now the second key part, specify where in the coordinate space you want your inset figure to go:

par(fig = c(0.07,0.5, 0.5, 1), new = T)
boxplot(x ~ y)


Voila that is it, we have our figure with an inset.