# Paired t-test in R Exercises

**R-exercises**, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers]. (You can report issue about the content on this page here)

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The paired samples t test is used to check if there are any differences in the mean of the same sample at two different time points. For example a medical researcher collects data on the same patients before and after a therapy. A paired t test will show if the therapy improves patient outcomes.

There are several assumptions that need to be satisfied so that results of a paired t test are valid. They are listed below

- The measured variable is continuous
- The differences between the two groups are approximately normally distributed
- We should not have any outliers in our data
- An adequate sample size is required

For this exercise we will use the anorexia data set available in package MASS. The data set contains weights of girls before and after anorexia treatment. Our interest is to know if the treatment caused any change in weight.

Solutions to these exercises can be found here

**Exercise 1**

Load the data and inspect its structure

**Exercise 2**

Generate descriptive statistics on weight before treatment

**Exercise 3**

Generate descriptive statistics on weight after treatment

**Exercise 4**

Create a new variable that contains the differences in weight before and after treatment

**Exercise 5**

Create a boxplot to identify any outliers

**Exercise 6**

Create a histogram with a normal curve to visually inspect normality

**Exercise 7**

Perform a normality test on the differences

**Exercise 8**

Perform a power analysis to assess sample adequacy

**Exercise 9**

Perform a paired t test

**Exercise 10**

Interpret the results

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