# How To Print x Label Vertical In Ggplot2

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I was working with some boxplots last month and I needed to plot twelve months of air quality data. The problem was that the twelve months over lapped each other and the plot didn’t look good. If I could only draw the x labels vertical.

For this example, I’ll show you how to plot the x labels vertical. It’s just a matter of using the theme() function.

Here is the R code using ggplot to plot the Iris data of Species and Sepal.Width

p <- ggplot(iris, aes(Species, Sepal.Width)) p + geom_boxplot()

Here is the graph of this plot.

To make the x label vertical, add the theme() function:

p <- ggplot(iris, aes(Species, Sepal.Width)) p + geom_boxplot() + theme(axis.text.x = element_text(angle = 60, hjust = 1))

The new plot will look like this:

You can change it to 90 degrees by adjusting the angle.

p <- ggplot(iris, aes(Species, Sepal.Width)) p + geom_boxplot() + theme(axis.text.x = element_text(angle = 90, hjust = 1))

The new 90 degrees plot now looks like this:

I am working on more plots using air quality data that plots month verses AQI2.5 and I’ll have them for my next post.

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