# Vertical Histogram

**uu kk**, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers]. (You can report issue about the content on this page here)

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In the process of munging data for my current project I came across the need to compare (visually) the difference between two modes within the same dataset. I was using a simple scatterplot and setting the alpha in the hopes that the over-plotting would indicate which was the major mode. Unfortunately, the size of the data overwhelmed this approach.

I only wanted to use a single image and it was important that I keep the scatterplot to show other features of the data. I started looking for a way to combine a histogram (rotated 90 degrees) with the scatterplot to help describe the density within the plot. A quick search for how to do this in R turned up empty so I decided to implement my own version of such a plot.

Certainly, there are other ways to describe the features that I am trying to present here but in this particular case the following code worked out nicely. Hopefully it proves useful to others as well.

plot.vertical.hist <- function(data,breaks=500) { agg <- aggregate(data$Y, by=list(xs=data$X), FUN=mean) hs <- hist(agg$x / 10000, breaks=breaks, plot=FALSE) old.par <- par(no.readonly=TRUE) mar.default <- par('mar') mar.left <- mar.default mar.right <- mar.default mar.left[4] <- 0 mar.right[2] <- 0 # Main plot par (fig=c(0,0.8,0,1.0), mar=mar.left) plot (agg$xs, agg$x / 10000, xlab="X", ylab="Y", main="Vertical Histogram Side Plot", pch=19, col=rgb(0.5,0.5,0.5,alpha=0.5)) grid () # Vertical histogram of the same data par (fig=c(0.8,1.0,0.0,1.0), mar=mar.right, new=TRUE) plot (NA, type='n', axes=FALSE, yaxt='n', xlab='Frequency', ylab=NA, main=NA, xlim=c(0,max(hs$counts)), ylim=c(1,length(hs$counts))) axis (1) arrows(rep(0,length(hs$counts)),1:length(hs$counts), hs$counts,1:length(hs$counts), length=0,angle=0) par(old.par) invisible () }

Results look similar to the following:

Initially, I experimented with rug or barplot(..., horiz=TRUE). Unfortunately, rug isn't available on the left or right side and would suffer from the same problem that the alpha settings did and I was unable to get the alignment worked out when using barplot.

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**uu kk**.

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