Twitter has become an important communications tool for political protests. While mass media are often censored during large-scale political protests, Social Media channels remain relatively open and can be used to tell the world what is happening and to mobilize support all over the world. From an analytic perspective tweets with geo information are especially interesting.
Here’s some maps I did on the basis of ~ 6,000 geotagged tweets from ~ 12 hours on 1 and 2 Jun 2013 referring to the “Gezi Park Protests” in Istanbul (i.e. mentioning the hashtags “occupygezi”, “direngeziparki”, “turkishspring”* etc.). The tweets were collected via the Twitter streaming API and saved to a CouchDB installation. The maps were produced by R (unfortunately the shapes from the map package are a bit outdated).
*”Turkish Spring” or “Turkish Summer” are misleading terms as the situation in Turkey cannot be compared to the events during the “Arab Spring”. Nonetheless I have included them in my analysis because they were used in the discussion (e.g. by mass media twitter channels) Thanks @Taksim for the hint.
On the next day, there even was one tweet mentioning the protests crossing the dateline:
First, I took a look at the international attention (or even cosmopolitan solidarity) of the events in Turkey. The following maps are showing geotagged tweets from all over the world and from Europe that are referring to the events. About 1% of all tweets containing the hashtags carry exact geographical coordinates. The fact, that there are so few tweets from Germany – a country with a significant population of Turkish immigrants – should not be overrated. It’s night-time in Germany and I would expect a lot more tweets tomorrow.
14,000 geo-tagged tweets later the map looks like this:
The next map is zooming in closer to the events: These are the locations in Turkey where tweets were sent with one of the hashtags mentioned above. The larger cities Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir are active, but tweets are coming from all over the country:
On June 3rd, the activity has spread across the country:
And finally, here’s a look at the tweet locations in Istanbul. The map is centered on Gezi Park – and the activity on Twitter as well:
Here’s the same map a day later (I decreased the size of the dots a bit while the map is getting clearer):
The R code to create the maps can be found on my GitHub.