Color reduction of an image – and Warholize?

July 5, 2011

(This article was first published on me nugget, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers)

There seems to be several methods out there for reducing the colors in an image. I became interested in this after pondering how this is done in the excellent freeware program IrfanView. Unfortunately, their method is not described anywhere that I could find, but I imagine that it is something along the tree data structure collapse method that ImageMagick employes.

The biOps package employes the k-means clustering to arrive at a reduced number of colors. I find that while this method takes a bit longer, the results can actually look a lot better. Just for kicks, I imbedded the imgKMeans() function in another function called warholize() that replaces these reduced color levels with another set. It's definitly not a Warhol, but I still like the effect.

the function…

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