Visualizing tables in ggplot2

May 5, 2012

(This article was first published on R snippets, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers)

Recently I wanted to recreate  assocplot  using  ggplot2. In the end I propose a simple way to visualize data arranged two-way tables using geom_tile.

I used Titanic data set as an example combining age and sex dimensions to get two-way data.

I plot residuals of Chi-squared test (like in assocplot) on the left and probability of survival on the right. A nice feature of geom_tile is that nicely highlights missing data (children were not crew members). Here is a code generating the plots:

m <- acast(melt(unclass(Titanic)), Class ~ Age + Sex, sum)
names(dimnames(m)) <- c(“Class”, “Age_Sex”)
df <- melt(unclass(chisq.test(m)$res), = “residuals”)
g1 <- ggplot(df, aes(x = Class, y = Age_Sex)) +
  geom_tile(aes(fill = residuals)) +
  scale_fill_gradientn(colours=c(“blue”,“white”,“red”)) +
m <- acast(melt(unclass(Titanic)), Class~Age+Sex,
           function(x) {x[2] / sum(x)})
names(dimnames(m)) <- c(“Class”,“Age_Sex”)
df <- melt(m, = “survived”)
g2 <- ggplot(df, aes(x = Class, y = Age_Sex)) +
  geom_tile(aes(fill = survived)) +
  scale_fill_gradient(low = “blue”, high = “red”)+theme_bw()
pushViewport(viewport(layout = grid.layout(1, 2)))
print(g1, vp = viewport(layout.pos.row = 1, layout.pos.col = 1))
print(g2, vp = viewport(layout.pos.row = 1, layout.pos.col = 2))

And the result:

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