TIL what happens if you use %>% instead of + in ggplot2

September 16, 2015

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This post is about ggplot2 and dplyr packages, so let’s start with loading them:


I can’t be the first person to make the following mistake:

ggplot(mtcars, aes(x = wt, y = mpg)) %>%

Can you spot the mistake in the code above? Look closely at the end of the first line.

The operator should be the + used in ggplot2 for layering, not the %>% operator used in dplyr for piping, like this:

ggplot(mtcars, aes(x = wt, y = mpg)) +

So what happens if you accidentally use the pipe operator instead of the +? You get the following error:

Error in get(x, envir = this, inherits = inh)(this, ...) : 
 Mapping should be a list of unevaluated mappings created by aes or aes_string

My Google search for this error did not yield my careless mistake as a potential cause. Since many people use these two packages together, I’m guessing such mix-up of operators can’t be too uncommon (right? I can’t be the only one…). So I’m leaving this post here for the next person who makes the same mistake.


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