the strange occurrence of the one bump

[This article was first published on R – Xi'an's Og, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers]. (You can report issue about the content on this page here)
Want to share your content on R-bloggers? click here if you have a blog, or here if you don't.

When answering an X validated question on running an accept-reject algorithm for the Gamma distribution by using a mixture of Beta and drifted (bt 1) Exponential distributions, I came across the above glitch in the fit of my 10⁷ simulated sample to the target, apparently displaying a wrong proportion of simulations above (or below) one.

a=.9
g<-function(T){
  x=rexp(T)
  v=rt(T,1)<0
  x=c(1+x[v],exp(-x/a)[!v])
  x[runif(T)1)*exp(1-x)+a*(x<1)*x^a/x)*a]}

It took me a while to spot the issue, namely that the output of

  z=g(T)
  while(sum(!!z)

was favouring simulations from the drifted exponential by truncating. Permuting the elements of z before returning solved the issue (as shown below for a=½)!

To leave a comment for the author, please follow the link and comment on their blog: R – Xi'an's Og.

R-bloggers.com offers daily e-mail updates about R news and tutorials about learning R and many other topics. Click here if you're looking to post or find an R/data-science job.
Want to share your content on R-bloggers? click here if you have a blog, or here if you don't.

Never miss an update!
Subscribe to R-bloggers to receive
e-mails with the latest R posts.
(You will not see this message again.)

Click here to close (This popup will not appear again)