It’s somehow amazing to me that the option for slanted or rotated axes labels is not an option within the basic

plot() or

axis() functions in R. The advantage is mainly in saving plot area space when long labels are needed (rather than as a means of preventing excessive head tilting). The topic is briefly covered in

this FAQ, and the solution is a bit tricky, especially for a new R user. Below is an example of this procedure.

**To reproduce example: **

# Example data

tmin <- as.Date("2000-01-01")

tmax <- as.Date("2001-01-01")

tlab <- seq(tmin, tmax, by="month")

lab <- format(tlab,format="%Y-%b")

set.seed(111)

x <- seq(tmin, tmax, , 100)

y <- cumsum(rnorm(100))

# Plot

png("plot_w_rotated_axis_labels.png", height=3, width=6, units="in", res=400)

op <- par(mar=c(6,4,1,1))

plot(x, y, t="l", xaxt="n", xlab="")

axis(1, at=tlab, labels=FALSE)

text(x=tlab, y=par()$usr[3]-0.1*(par()$usr[4]-par()$usr[3]),

labels=lab, srt=45, adj=1, xpd=TRUE)

par(op)

dev.off()

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