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# Introduction

Stacked dot plots are a type of plot that displays frequencies using dots, piled one over the other. In R, there are several ways to create stacked dot plots, including using base R and ggplot2. In this blog post, we will explore how to create stacked dot plots in both Base R and ggplot2, and provide several examples of each.

# Examples Stacked Dot Plots in Base R

## Method 1: The stripchart() function

The stripchart() function in base R can be used to create a basic stacked dot plot. Here is an example of how to use it:

```# create some fake data
set.seed(0)
data <- sample(0:20, 100, replace = TRUE)

# create stacked dot plot
stripchart(data, method = "stack")```

This will create a basic stacked dot plot. However, we can customize it to make it more aesthetically pleasing. Here is an example of how to do that:

```# create some fake data
set.seed(0)
data <- sample(0:20, 100, replace = TRUE)

# create stacked dot plot
stripchart(data, method = "stack", offset = .5, at = 0,
pch = 19, col = "steelblue",
main = "Stacked Dot Plot", xlab = "Data Values")```

This will create a stacked dot plot with a blue color scheme and a more aesthetically pleasing layout.

## Method 2: The dotchart() function

Another way to create a stacked dot plot in base R is to use the dotchart() function. Here is an example of how to use it:

```# create some fake data
set.seed(0)
data <- sample(0:20, 100, replace = TRUE)

# create stacked dot plot
dotchart(data, cex = .7, col = "steelblue",
main = "Stacked Dot Plot", xlab = "Data Values")```

This will create a stacked dot plot with a blue color scheme and a more aesthetically pleasing layout.

# Examples Stacked Dot Plots in ggplot2

## Method 1: The geom_dotplot() function

The geom_dotplot() function in ggplot2 can be used to create a basic stacked dot plot. Here is an example of how to use it:

```# load ggplot2
library(ggplot2)

# create some fake data
set.seed(0)
data <- data.frame(x = sample(0:20, 100, replace = TRUE))

# create stacked dot plot
ggplot(data, aes(x = x)) + geom_dotplot() + theme_minimal()```
```Bin width defaults to 1/30 of the range of the data. Pick better value with
`binwidth`.```

This will create a basic stacked dot plot. However, we can customize it to make it more aesthetically pleasing. Here is an example of how to do that:

```# create some fake data
set.seed(0)
data <- data.frame(x = sample(0:20, 100, replace = TRUE))

# create customized stacked dot plot
ggplot(data, aes(x = x)) +
geom_dotplot(dotsize = .75, stackratio = 1.2,
fill = "steelblue") +
scale_y_continuous(NULL, breaks = NULL) +
labs(title = "Stacked Dot Plot", x = "Data Values") +
theme_minimal()```

This will create a stacked dot plot with a blue color scheme and a more aesthetically pleasing layout.

## Method 2: The geom_jitter() function

Another way to create a stacked dot plot in ggplot2 is to use the geom_jitter() function. Here is an example of how to use it:

```# create some fake data
set.seed(0)
data <- data.frame(x = sample(0:20, 100, replace = TRUE))

# create stacked dot plot
ggplot(data, aes(x = x, y = 0)) +
geom_jitter(height = .1, width = 0, alpha = .5,
color = "steelblue") +
labs(title = "Stacked Dot Plot", x = "Data Values") +
theme_minimal()```

This will create a stacked dot plot with a blue color scheme and a more aesthetically pleasing layout.

In conclusion, creating stacked dot plots in R is a simple and effective way to visualize frequency data. By using either base R or ggplot2, you can create aesthetically pleasing plots that are easy to interpret. We encourage readers to try creating their own stacked dot plots using the examples provided in this blog post.

# ReferencesCitations:

• [1] https://www.statology.org/stacked-dot-plot-in-r/
• [2] https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/how-to-create-a-stacked-dot-plot-in-r/
• [3] http://www.sthda.com/english/wiki/ggplot2-dot-plot-quick-start-guide-r-software-and-data-visualization
• [4] https://stackoverflow.com/questions/61471353/in-r-ggplot-how-do-i-stack-two-dotplots
• [5] https://ggplot2.tidyverse.org/reference/geom_dotplot.html
• [6] https://eurekastatistics.com/r-flavours-of-stacked-dotplots/
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