I’m very happy to announce Microsoft365R, a package for working with the Microsoft 365 (formerly known as Office 365) suite of cloud services. Microsoft365R extends the interface to the Microsoft Graph API provided by the AzureGraph package to provide a lightweight yet powerful interface to SharePoint and OneDrive, with support for Teams and Outlook soon to come.
The first time you call one of the Microsoft365R functions (see below), it will use your Internet browser to authenticate with Azure Active Directory (AAD), in a similar manner to other web apps. You will get a dialog box asking for permission to access your information.
Microsoft365R is registered as an app in the “aicatr” AAD tenant. Because it needs read/write access to groups and SharePoint sites, you’ll need an admin to grant it access to your tenant. Alternatively, if the environment variable
CLIMICROSOFT365_AADAPPID is set, Microsoft365R will use its value as the app ID for authenticating; or you can specify the app ID as an argument when calling the functions below. See also this issue at the GitHub repo for some possible workarounds.
To access your personal OneDrive, call the
personal_onedrive() function, and to access OneDrive for Business call
business_onedrive(). Both functions return an R6 client object of class
ms_drive, which has methods for working with files and folders. Note that OneDrive for Business is technically part of SharePoint, and requires a Microsoft 365 Business subscription.
od <- personal_onedrive() odb <- business_onedrive(tenant="mycompany") # use the device code authentication flow in RStudio Server od <- personal_onedrive(auth_type="device_code") # list files and folders od$list_items() od$list_items("Documents") # upload and download files od$download_file("Documents/myfile.docx") od$upload_file("somedata.xlsx") # create a folder od$create_folder("Documents/newfolder")
You can open a file or folder in your browser with the
open_item() method. For example, a Word document or Excel spreadsheet will open in Word or Excel Online, and a folder will be shown in OneDrive.
You can get and set the metadata properties for a file or folder with
set_item_properties(). For the latter, provide the new properties as named arguments to the method. Not all properties can be changed; some, like the file size and last modified date, are read-only. You can also retrieve an object representing the file or folder with
get_item(), which has methods appropriate for drive items.
od$get_item_properties("Documents/myfile.docx") # rename a file -- version control via filename is bad, mmkay od$set_item_properties("Documents/myfile.docx", name="myfile version 2.docx") # alternatively, you can call the file object's update() method item <- od$get_item("Documents/myfile.docx") item$update(name="myfile version 2.docx")
Currently, Microsoft365R supports OneDrive and SharePoint Online; future updates will add the ability to post to Teams channels and send emails via Outlook. You can also provide feedback and make feature requests by opening an issue at the repo, or by emailing me at hongooi73 (@) gmail.com.