# riddles on a line [#2]

**R – Xi'an's Og**, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers]. (You can report issue about the content on this page here)

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**A** second Riddle(r), with a puzzle related with the integer set Ð={,12,3,…,N}, in that it summarises as

Given a random walk on Ð, starting at the middle N/2, with both end states being absorbing states, and a uniform random move left or right of the current value to the (integer) middle of the corresponding (left or right) integer interval, what is the average time to one absorbing state as a function of N?

Once the Markov transition matrix M associated with this random walk is defined, the probability of reaching an absorbing state in t steps can be derived from the successive powers of M by looking at the difference between the probabilities to be (already) absorbed at both t-1 and t steps. From which the average can be derived.

avexit <- function(N=100){ #transition matrix M for the walk #1 and N+2 are trapping states tranz=matrix(0,N+2,N+2) tranz[1,1]=tranz[N+2,N+2]=1 for (i in 2:(N+1)) tranz[i,i+max(trunc((N+1-i)/2),1)]=tranz[i,i-max(trunc((i-2)/2),1)]=1/2 #probabilities of absorption prowin=proloz=as.vector(0) init=rep(0,N+2) init[trunc((N+1)/2)]=1 #first position curt=init while(1-prowin[length(prowin)]-proloz[length(prowin)]>1e-10){ curt=curt%*%tranz prowin=c(prowin,curt[1]) proloz=c(proloz,curt[N+2])} #probability of new arrival in trapping state probz=diff(prowin+proloz) return(sum((2:length(proloz))*probz))}

leading to an almost linear connection between N and expected trapping time.

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