The foreach package provides a simple looping construct for R: the
"for" loop. But what makes foreach useful isn't iteration: it's the way it makes it easy to run those iterations in parallel, and save time on multi-CPU and distributed systems.
If you want to get familiar with the
foreach function, Parallelizing Loops at Microsoft Docs will introduce you to foreach oops (and the companion concept, iterators), and the various “backends” you can use to make the loops run in parallel without changing your loop code. Then, to make sure you've captured the concepts, you can try these 10 parallel computing exercises using foreach, from R-exercises.com. If you get stuck, the solutions are available here.
To get started with foreach, can install the foreach package from CRAN, or simply use any edition of Microsoft R including Microsoft R Open (all come with foreach preinstalled). The foreach package is maintained by Microsoft under the open-source Apache license.