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Ava Yang, Mango Solutions

Recap

In part 1 of this post I set out to find a flat to rent based on three simple criteria:

• Café density
• Tube station density
• Monthly rent

So far I have made use of the baidumap and REmap packages to create a nice visualisation of available flats and coffee shops in Shanghai.

Calculation and scoring

Now let’s do some basic math and programming. Three measures ( derived from original variables to quantify my preferences.

For density of café and tube station, the closer the better; the more the better. Geographic distances were calculated by function distm from package geosphere.

```library(dplyr)
library(geosphere)
library(knitr)
library(baidumap)

load('data/ziroom.rds') # raw data

# 1. Generate names to represent flats
# 2. Extract longitude and lattitude
sh_ziroom <- ziroom %>%
mutate(name=paste("Room", rownames(ziroom), sep="_")) %>%
mutate(lon=getCoordinate(flat, city="上海", formatted = T)[, 'longtitude']) %>%
mutate(lat=getCoordinate(flat, city="上海", formatted = T)[, 'latitude']) %>%
na.omit() %>%
select(c(lon, lat, name, price_promotion, flat))

# distance matrices: between cafe and flat, between station and flat

dist_cafe_flat <- distm(sh_cafe[,c("lon", "lat")], sh_ziroom[,c("lon", "lat")]) %>%

as.data.frame()

dist_station_flat <- distm(sh_station[,c("lon", "lat")], sh_ziroom[,c("lon", "lat")]) %>%

as.data.frame()
```

As an upper limit I’m willing to walk as far as 750 metres (about 0.5 mile) from a café. Thus, cafeidx and stationidx were then given by

For this job I wrote a small custom function called calIdx.

```# Function to calculate cafe_idx and station_idx

calIdx <- function(tmpcol) {

tmpcol <- tmpcol[which(tmpcol < 750)]

return(sum(1/log(tmpcol)))

}
```

Rent is a negative indicator, and so rentidx could be obtained from

The weighted score was calculated by

```# 1. cafeIdx = 1/log(dis1) + 1/log(dis2) +...+ 1/log(disN)

# 2. stationIdx = 1/log(dis1) + 1/log(dis2) +...+ 1/log(disN)

# 3. rentIdx = 1/log(price_promotion)

# 4. score = 0.3*cafeIdx + 0.2*stationIdx + 0.5*rentIdx

sh_ziroom_top10 <- sh_ziroom %>%

mutate(cafeIdx = sapply(dist_cafe_flat, calIdx)) %>%

mutate(stationIdx = sapply(dist_station_flat, calIdx)) %>%

filter(price_promotion <= 4000) %>%

mutate(rentIdx = 1/log(as.numeric(price_promotion))) %>%

mutate(score = 0.4*cafeIdx + 0.2*stationIdx + 0.4*rentIdx) %>%

arrange(desc(score)) %>%

slice(1:10)
```

Summary

```kable(sh_ziroom_top10[, c("name", "score", "cafeIdx", "stationIdx", "rentIdx")], align="c")

name
score
cafeIdx
stationIdx
rentIdx

Room_34
0.6480966
1.3262957
0.3380904
0.1249006

Room_35
0.6470510
1.3262957
0.3380904
0.1222865

Room_80
0.6054141
1.2216344
0.3378458
0.1229781

Room_79
0.6048128
1.2216344
0.3378458
0.1214746

Room_22
0.5729428
1.1430015
0.3349634
0.1218737

Room_24
0.5729428
1.1430015
0.3349634
0.1218737

Room_45
0.5292036
0.9617378
0.4709076
0.1258173

Room_46
0.5284566
0.9617378
0.4709076
0.1239499

Room_59
0.4334636
0.8012006
0.3237803
0.1205684

Room_57
0.3836545
0.6721137
0.3302977
0.1218737

```

Done! See above for the top 10 room candidates. The mechanism I used is not difficult and makes my life so much easier. Moving to a new area which fulfils all my social needs is no longer such a big challenge!

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