As mentioned on the RStudio page, the basic steps to create a Leaflet map are:
1. Create a map widget using
2. Add layers to the map using
3. Print the map.
Okay, let’s get started. We will need the
magrittr packages for this.
Let’s create a basic map centered at San Francisco. First, we create a widget by calling
leaflet(). Then, we add tiles to the map using
addTiles(). By default, it uses Open Street Map tiles. If you would like to use other tiles, please refer here. We can set the desired longitude and latitude that we want the map to be centered at, and also set the zoom level using the
setView() function. The
addMarker() function allows us to add a marker at our desired location, with it’s own popup message!
library(leaflet) library(magrittr) SFmap <- leaflet() %>% addTiles() %>% setView(-122.42, 37.78, zoom = 13) %>% addMarkers(-122.42, 37.78, popup = 'Bay Area') SFmap
This gives the following map:
If you click the blue marker, you will see a small popup with the text ‘Bay Area’. There are a variety of options to customize the marker. For example,
addCircleMarkers() lets you use circle shaped markers instead of the default ones. You can even add your own icons to use as markers (more info here and here)!
The above map with a circle marker can be built as follows:
SFmap <- leaflet() %>% addTiles() %>% setView(-122.42, 37.78, zoom = 13) %>% addCircleMarkers(-122.42, 37.78, popup = 'Bay Area', radius = 5, color = 'red')
Let’s plot an interactive map showing the location of incidents reported to the San Francisco Police Department. The data is available here. Let’s read in the data and see what it looks like.
SFdata <- read.csv('SFPD_Incidents_-_Current_Year__2015_.csv') head(SFdata) IncidntNum Category Descript DayOfWeek Date Time PdDistrict Resolution Address X Y 1 150927700 BURGLARY BURGLARY OF APARTMENT HOUSE, UNLAWFUL ENTRY Thursday 10/22/2015 23:59 CENTRAL NONE 900 Block of SUTTER ST -122.4160 37.78823 2 150927700 SEX OFFENSES, FORCIBLE SEXUAL BATTERY Thursday 10/22/2015 23:59 CENTRAL NONE 900 Block of SUTTER ST -122.4160 37.78823 3 150926570 ASSAULT BATTERY Thursday 10/22/2015 23:45 RICHMOND NONE 100 Block of 19TH AV -122.4787 37.78508 4 150925312 STOLEN PROPERTY STOLEN PROPERTY, POSSESSION WITH KNOWLEDGE, RECEIVING Thursday 10/22/2015 23:40 SOUTHERN JUVENILE BOOKED 0 Block of SPEAR ST -122.3949 37.79311 5 156262768 LARCENY/THEFT PETTY THEFT OF PROPERTY Thursday 10/22/2015 23:40 SOUTHERN NONE MARKET ST / 6TH ST -122.4103 37.78223 6 150925312 ROBBERY ROBBERY, ARMED WITH A DANGEROUS WEAPON Thursday 10/22/2015 23:40 SOUTHERN JUVENILE BOOKED 0 Block of SPEAR ST -122.3949 37.79311
(There is another location column at the end which I omitted here as it is just a concatenation of the X and Y columns.)
Now let us look at how many incidents of each category were reported.
table(SFdata$Category) ARSON ASSAULT BAD CHECKS BRIBERY BURGLARY DISORDERLY CONDUCT DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE 255 10711 26 59 4749 396 360 DRUG/NARCOTIC DRUNKENNESS EMBEZZLEMENT EXTORTION FAMILY OFFENSES FORGERY/COUNTERFEITING FRAUD 3315 473 115 25 54 561 2523 GAMBLING KIDNAPPING LARCENY/THEFT LIQUOR LAWS LOITERING MISSING PERSON NON-CRIMINAL 22 286 34683 133 24 3755 15360 OTHER OFFENSES PORNOGRAPHY/OBSCENE MAT PROSTITUTION ROBBERY RUNAWAY SECONDARY CODES SEX OFFENSES, FORCIBLE 16143 4 261 3054 124 1676 687 SEX OFFENSES, NON FORCIBLE STOLEN PROPERTY SUICIDE SUSPICIOUS OCC TREA TRESPASS VANDALISM 15 777 64 4367 1 1093 6309 VEHICLE THEFT WARRANTS WEAPON LAWS 6361 5378 1346
To ensure that the map is plotted quickly, I am going to subset the data to only include observations pertaining to bribery or suicide.
data <- subset(SFPDdata, Category == 'BRIBERY' | Category == 'SUICIDE')
Now, let us plot all these incidents on the map!
SFMap % addTiles() %>% setView(-122.42, 37.78, zoom = 13) %>% addMarkers(data = data, lng = ~ X, lat = ~ Y, popup = data$Category) SFMap
A lot of the markers are clumped together rather closely. We can cluster them together by specifying
clusterOptions as follows:
SFMap % addTiles() %>% setView(-122.42, 37.78, zoom = 13) %>% addCircleMarkers(data = data, lng = ~ X, lat = ~ Y, radius = 5, color = ~ ifelse(Category == 'BRIBERY', 'red', 'blue'), clusterOptions = markerClusterOptions())
which will give the following map:
The number inside each circle represents the total number of incidents in that area. Areas with higher incidents are marked by yellow circles and areas with lower incidents are marked by green circles. When you click on a cluster, the map will automatically zoom into that area and split into smaller clusters or show the individual incidents depending on how zoomed in you are. The circle markers are colored red for incidents corresponding to bribery, and blue for incidents corresponding to suicide.
That brings us to the end of the article. I hope you enjoyed it. If you have any questions/feedback, please feel free to leave a comment or reach out to me on Twitter.