# R graphics

**Vincent Zoonekynd's Blog**, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers]. (You can report issue about the content on this page here)

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I just finished reading Paul Murrel’s book, “R graphics”.

There are two graphical systems in R: the old (“classical” —

in the “graphics” package) one, and the new (“trellis”, “lattice”,

“grid” — in the “lattice” and “grid” packages) one.

The first part of the book, devoted to the old system, tries to be

as complete as a reference book, but fails. For instance, the

discussion on how to arrange several plots on a single page sticks to

tabular layouts and fails to mention the more flexible “fig” graphical

argument (to be honest, it is listed with terser explanations than in

the manual page and also appears, deeply hidden in an example, in an

appendix).

op <- par(mar = c(5,4,2,2)) N <- 500 x <- rexp(N, 1) hist(x, breaks = 30, probability = TRUE, col = "light blue", xlab = "", main = "Non-standard layout of classical R graphics") mtext(text = "Histogram of x", side = 1, font = 2, line = 3) lines(density(x), col = "red", lwd = 3) rug(x) par(new = TRUE, fig = c(.7, .9, .7, .9), mar = c(0,0,0,0)) qqnorm(x, axes = FALSE, main = "", xlab = "", ylab = "") box() qqline(x, col = "red") par(xpd = NA) mtext(text = "QQ-Plot", line = .2, side = 1, font = 2) par(op)

On the other hand, the second and largest part, devoted to

grid graphics lives up to my expectations: it seems more

complete and does not duplicate information already

available on the web. You are probably already familiar with

some of the high-level lattice plots (xyplot(), histogram(),

bwplot()), but if you have already tried to understand how

they are implemented, or tried to write your own graphical

functions, you were probably confused by the differences

(and claimed lack thereof) between "lattice", "panel",

"grob" and "grid" -- the book clarifies all that.

The code of the examples in the book is available on the author's web site.

http://www.stat.auckland.ac.nz/~paul/RGraphics/rgraphics.html

You will find, for instance, dendrograms (check the rpart and maptree

packages),

table-like plots

or plots arranged in a tree (this can be seen as a generalization of

lattice plots, that present several facets of a dataset arranged on a

grid).

One whole chapter is devoted to the creation, from scratch, of an

oceanographic plot

whose elements are then reused for a completely different plot.

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