(This article was first published on

**Eldon Prince » R-bloggers**, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers)A few days ago a post doctoral researcher asked me if I could help him reorder the factor levels on a bar chart. The problem is that R automatically alphabetizes factor levels. I thought this would be fairly straight-forward but I was wrong. If you have a more elegant solution to this problem please comment, but this is my best workaround. I will use the InsectSprays data and box plots to illustrate the problem and my solution.

#The problem #Boxplot of how many insect counts there are for each insect spray boxplot(count~spray,data=InsectSprays,xlab="spray",ylab="insect count",main="InsectSpray data") #What if we would like a different order than A,B,C,D,E,F?

#The solution #Make a new factor that reflects the desired order #For this example, A should be the 4th, B the 1st and so on order<-as.factor(rep(c(4,1,2,5,6,3), each=12)) #Column bind order to the existing InsectSprays data ispray<-cbind(InsectSprays,order) #Rename the factor levels of order to reflect the names in spray levels(ispray$order)<-c("B","C","F","A","D","E") #Boxplot using order instead of spray boxplot(count~order,data=ispray,xlab="spray",ylab="insect count",main="InsectSpray data")

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