Le Monde puzzle [#818]

April 30, 2013
By

(This article was first published on Xi'an's Og » R, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers)

The current puzzle is as follows:

Define the symmetric of an integer as the integer obtained by inverting the order of its digits, eg 4321 is the symmetric of 1234. What are the numbers for which the square is equal to the symmetric of the square of the symmetric?

I first consulted stackexchange to find a convenient R function to create the symmetric:

int2digit=function(x){
as.numeric(sapply(sequence(nchar(x)),
  function(y) substr(x, y, y)))}

digit2int=function(a){
as.numeric(paste(a,collapse=""))}

flip=function(x){
  digit2int(rev(int2digit(x)))}

and then found that all integers but the multiples of 10 are symmetric! As can be found on a piece of paper (but took me more time with my left hand!)


Filed under: Books, Kids, R Tagged: digits, Le Monde, mathematical puzzle, number theory, R

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