Let’s say you have several categories with multiple data points each that you would like to plot as individual points. Even if you have only a single point, the R graphics package will plot a line (without a box for lack of data). Overriding the default setting with e.g. pch = 1 does not help.

R’s `boxplot`

function (or the `plot`

function for that matter) – correctly – generates a boxplot for each category. If you would like to see individual points instead of boxes, the following code snippet could help by using the `points`

function:

# Plot the boxplot as usual, but in white colour to make the boxes invisible, but keep the axes.

boxplot(m$var ~ m$cat, xlab = "Category", ylab = "Variable", border = "white")

# Plot the data again into the same plot and customise the point shape, etc to your liking

points(m$var ~ m$cat, pch = 1)

Voila!

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**Tags:** boxplot, plot, points, R, Research