# ratio-of-uniforms [#2]

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**F**ollowing my earlier post on Kinderman’s and Monahan’s (1977) ratio-of-uniform method, I must confess I remain quite puzzled by the approach. Or rather by its consequences. When looking at the set A of (u,v)’s in **R⁺**×**X** such that 0≤u²≤**ƒ**(v/u), as discussed in the previous post, it can be represented by its parameterised boundary

u(x)=√**ƒ**(x),v(x)=x√**ƒ**(x) x in **X**

Similarly, since the simulation from **ƒ**(v/u) can also be derived [check Luc Devroye’s Non-uniform random variate generation in the exercise section 7.3] from a uniform on the set B of (u,v)’s in **R⁺**×**X** such that 0≤u≤**ƒ**(v+u), on the set C of (u,v)’s in **R⁺**×**X** such that 0≤u³≤**ƒ**(v/√u)², or on the set D of (u,v)’s in **R⁺**×**X** such that 0≤u²≤**ƒ**(v/u), which is actually exactly the same as A *[and presumably many other versions!, for which I would like to guess the generic rule of construction]*, there are many sets on which one can consider running simulations. And one to pick for optimality?! Here are the three sets for a mixture of two normal densities:

For instance, assuming slice sampling is feasible on every one of those three sets, which one is the most efficient? While I have no clear answer to this question, I found on Sunday night that a generic family of transforms is indexed by a differentiable monotone function h over the positive half-line, with the uniform distribution being taken over the set

H={(u,v);0≤u≤h(f(v/g(u))_}

when the primitive G of g is the inverse of h, i.e., G(h(x))=x. [Here are the slides I gave at the Warwick reading group on Devroye’s book:]

Filed under: Books, R, Statistics Tagged: Luc Devroye, mixtures of distributions, Non-Uniform Random Variate Generation, pseudo-random generator, R, ratio of uniform algorithm, slice sampler

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