The subject of Mathematics includes the study of numbers, shapes, patterns and more. It helps us to lead a disciplined life and prevents chaos. Exercising mathematical calculations helps us to improve our problem-solving skills, rationality, abstract or special thinking, creativity and even good communication skills.

**Introduction of ****National Mathematics Day**

India celebrates National Mathematics Day on December 22nd. This day celebrates the birth anniversary of Shri Srinivasa Ramanujan. It commemorates the works and contributions of the eminent Indian Mathematician. Also known as "The Man who knew Infinity," Srinivasa Ramanujan did not receive any proper education in Mathematics. Still, despite that, he was a genius in Mathematics and invented various concepts and techniques to solve numerical problems.

**History of National Mathematics Day**

National Mathematics Day is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of Shri Srinivasa Ramanujan, a prominent Mathematician. He was born on December 22nd in the year of 1887 in a Brahmin family. He was a self-taught Mathematical Genius who had significant contributions to Mathematics in India. He came up with several concepts in mathematical analysis, number theory, continued fractions and infinite series. He also solved mathematical problems that appeared to be unsolvable. He developed his own research and even made his way to Cambridge University due to his immense knowledge of the subject and invented new mathematical formulae. He died at the young age of thirty-two due to tuberculosis on April 26th, 1920.

Shri Srinivas Ramanujan, along with G.H. Hardy, invented the "Magic Number" 1729, and it is the only number that is the sum of two different cubes and can be expressed in two different ways.

National Mathematics Day was observed for the first time on December 26th, 2012. Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh decided to commemorate this day while he was visiting the Madras University to pay his respects to the achievements made by Ramanujan and was celebrating his one hundred and twenty-fifth birth anniversary. Since then,** **India has celebrated National Mathematics Day**.**

**Significance of National Mathematics Day**

National Mathematics Day celebrates the birth anniversary of the legendary Indian Mathematician Shri Srinivasa Ramanujan. Several mathematicians have made important contributions to the subject of Mathematics since ancient times, like Aryabhata, Bhaskar II, Brahmagupta, and Ramanujan was one of them. He invented around three thousand and five hundred formulae, and scientists have not solved each of them. The main objective of this day is to spread awareness among the general public and also to highlight its importance for the development of society.

The subject of mathematics includes studying numbers, measurements, and other mathematics that play an important role in our everyday lives. Mathematics helps us to make our lives systematic and methodical. Mathematics is the root of every creation or activity done by people. Be it a scientist, farmer, chef, musician, or shopkeeper, everyone needs mathematics in their daily lives.

Shapes and patterns can also be found in nature, like the web of a spider or the beehive of honey bees. Anyone can excel at mathematics and be a good mathematician if they are given proper training and guidance.

National Mathematics Day urges everyone to be aware of the importance of mathematics and its effective use in our everyday lives. Schools should take the initiative to make the subject interesting by introducing fun activities and quizzes based on Mathematics. In this way, the student can take more interest in the subject and might achieve heights in it.

**How is National Mathematics Day Celebrated?**

National Mathematics Day is celebrated in educational institutions like schools, universities and colleges. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) agreed to collaborate with India in spreading awareness about the significance and need for mathematics. Apart from this, several steps are taken towards educating students and spreading the knowledge and understanding of mathematics worldwide.

On National Mathematics Day, The National Academy of Science India (NASI) is attended by popular scientists, mathematicians, experts and lecturers in the field of mathematics. The National Academy of Science India is one oldest Indian academies for Mathematics situated in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. It conducts a workshop and conference regarding the contributions and legacy of Shri Srinivasa Ramanujan. Speakers from all over the country as well as across the world gather there to talk and discuss Sri Srinivasa Ramanujan's works and contributions to the subject of mathematics.

Different states in India celebrate National Mathematics Day in different ways. Different competitions and quizzes based on Mathematics are held over schools and colleges across the country.

**Celebrations Around the World**

International Mathematics Day is celebrated every year on March 14th. Every country and people are welcome to participate in it. Activities for both the students as well as the general public are organized. It is celebrated in places like schools, libraries, museums etc. It is celebrated annually, and each year has a different theme. The theme for the year 2021 was Mathematics for a better world. The theme for the year 2022 is Mathematics Unites.

This day was founded by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) in its 250th session.

**When is National Mathematics Day Celebrated?**

India celebrates National Mathematics Day every year on December 22nd. It was celebrated for the first time on December 26th, 2012. It will be celebrated on December 22nd in the year 2022.

**Some Interesting Facts about Mathematics **

- The word Hundred is derived from a Norse word called
*hundrath*, which means one hundred and twenty and not one hundred. - Most of the symbols in mathematics were not invented until the sixteenth century. Until then, the equations were written in words.
- Forty is the only name of a number that has the letters arranged in alphabetical order.
- People are studying mathematics since around 300,000 B.C. this is proven by the number of markings on the bones of animals in the caves that were excavated.
- The number 0 (zero) does not have any representation in the Roman numerals.
- Only one Shakespearean play, The Taming of The Shrew, has mentioned Mathematics.
- The symbol representing division is an
*Obelus.*2 is the only even prime number in mathematics. - There are thirteen letters in both the phrases of "eleven plus two" and "twelve plus one."
- The word "jiffy" is actually a unit in Mathematics which means 1/100th of a second.

**Some Interesting Facts about Shri Srinivasa Ramanujan**

- Srinivasa Ramanujan was deeply inspired by the book "
*A Synopsis of Elementary Results in Pure and Applied Mathematics"*, written by George Carr in the year 1880. - Srinivas Ramanujan was not good at other subjects except mathematics and failed to get a scholarship due to this reason.
- The secretary of the Indian Mathematical Society, R. Ramachandra, recognized Ramanujan's talent and skills and decided to help him and support him financially.
- Srinivasa Ramanujan could solve trigonometry exercises only at the age of thirteen.
- He never had a lot of friends when he was a child because children his age could never understand him, but he never failed to amaze the mathematics experts.
- The number 1729, invented by Ramanujan, was also known as the taxicab number.

National Mathematics Day encourages all of us to understand the importance of mathematics and its need in society. Students should take more interest in the subject and achieve new heights.