# Classification using neural net in r

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This is mostly for my students and myself for future reference.

Classification is a supervised task , where we need preclassified data and then on new data , I can predict.

Generally we holdout a % from the data available for testing and we call them training and testing data respectively. So it’s like this , if we know which emails are spam , then only using classification we can predict the emails as spam.

I used the dataset http://archive.ics.uci.edu/ml/datasets/seeds# . The data set has 7 real valued attributes and 1 for predicting . http://www.jeffheaton.com/2013/06/basic-classification-in-r-neural-networks-and-support-vector-machines/ has influenced many of the writing , probably I am making it more obvious.

The library to be used is library(nnet) , below are the list of commands for your reference

Happy Coding !

Classification is a supervised task , where we need preclassified data and then on new data , I can predict.

Generally we holdout a % from the data available for testing and we call them training and testing data respectively. So it’s like this , if we know which emails are spam , then only using classification we can predict the emails as spam.

I used the dataset http://archive.ics.uci.edu/ml/datasets/seeds# . The data set has 7 real valued attributes and 1 for predicting . http://www.jeffheaton.com/2013/06/basic-classification-in-r-neural-networks-and-support-vector-machines/ has influenced many of the writing , probably I am making it more obvious.

The library to be used is library(nnet) , below are the list of commands for your reference

1. Read from dataset

seeds<-read.csv('seeds.csv',header=T)

2. Setting training set index , 210 is the dataset size, 147 is 70 % of that

seedstrain<- sample(1:210,147)

3. Setting test set index

seedstest <- setdiff(1:210,seedstrain)

4. Normalize the value to be predicted , use that attribute of the dataset , that you want to predict

ideal <- class.ind(seeds$Class)

5. Train the model, -8 because you want to leave out the class attribute , the dataset had a total of 8 attributes with the last one as the predicted one

seedsANN = nnet(irisdata[seedstrain,-8], ideal[seedstrain,], size=10, softmax=TRUE)

6. Predict on testset

predict(seedsANN, seeds[seedstrain,-8], type="class")

7. Calculate Classification accuracy

table(predict(seedsANN, seeds[seedstest,-8], type="class"),seeds[seedstest,]$Class)

Happy Coding !

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