# Monthly Archives: January 2012

## hmm: implementation of viterbi algorithm (Durbin, 1998) Part 2

January 29, 2012
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Previous post presented the problem of dishonest casino that ocassionally uses loaded die. Sequence of the real states is hidden, and we are trying to figure it out just by looking at the observations (symbols). If we apply our implementation … Continue reading →

## Visual Summary of #jan25 Twitter Activity

January 29, 2012
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Last year, I covered a number of the so-called “Twitter protests” in China (#cn220), Iran (#25bahman), and Algeria (#fev12).  Since these protests began in January 2011, the Arab Spring has claimed many members of both ruling and revolting groups … Continue reading →

## Multiple Factor Model – Fundamental Data

January 28, 2012
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The Multiple Factor Model can be used to decompose returns and calculate risk. Following are some examples of the Multiple Factor Models: The expected returns factor model: Commonality In The Determinants Of Expected Stock Returns by R. Haugen, N. Baker (1996) The expected returns factor model: CSFB Quantitative Research, Alpha Factor Framework on page 11,

## Categorizing my expenses

January 28, 2012
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In order to analyse my expenses, a classification scheme is necessary. I need to identify categories that are meaningful to me. I decided to go with the “Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose” (COICOP), for three reasons:It is made by people who have thought more about consumption classification than I ever will. It is feasible to assign bank transactions...

## Say it in R with "by", "apply" and friends

January 28, 2012
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Iris versicolor (Source: Wikipedia)R is a language, as Luis Apiolaza pointed out in his recent post. This is absolutely true, and learning a programming language is not much different from learning a foreign language. It takes time and a lot of pr...

## Le Monde puzzle [#755?]

January 27, 2012
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Le Monde puzzle of last weekend was about sudoku-like matrices. Consider an (n,n) matrix containing the integers from 1 to n². The matrix is “friendly” if the set of the sums of the rows is equal to the set of the sum of the columns. Find examples for n=4,5,6. Why is there no friendly matrix

## hmm: implementation of viterbi algorithm (Durbin, 1998) Part 1

January 27, 2012
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Example in the mentioned book goes as following – dishonest casino uses two types of dice. Fair one that has equal probability of landing on either side (1/6), and the loaded one with 50% chance for getting 6. Your task … Continue reading →

## heatmaps: controlling the color representation with set data range

January 27, 2012
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Often you want to set the fixed colors for particular range of your dataset to be sure that the visual output is correctly represented. This is particularly useful for time series data, where the range or your dataset might drastically … Continue reading →

## Distressing Numbers for Women

January 27, 2012
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Sometimes I play with non-linguistic data sets recreationally. It's a totally valid hobby! I tend to gravitate towards data on the disparities between men and women, because gender equality is something that matters to me.I've had this one data set for...

## Replicating NetLogo Fire model

January 27, 2012
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While preparing for the new semester I have started reimplementing standard NetLogo examples in R. The first is Fire model.The simulation in R is presented here:# Forest matrix trees encoding:# 3 – green, 2 – burning, 1 – burnt, 0 – no treesimu...