# Transitions and transversions in R

January 5, 2010
By

(This article was first published on The Praise of Insects, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers)

A couple of months ago I wrote the following R function to calculate the number of transitions and transversions between DNA sequences in an alignment. The function is fairly slow (an alignment of ~100 sequences, 800 bp in length takes around 30 seconds to run) thanks to the double for loop, however in this case I shall plead Uwe’s Maxim: “Computers are cheap and thinking hurts”.

In other R news, there’s a cool site, R-bloggers, that is a portal to a number of other blogs that deal with R. It’s great to see what other people manage to do in R and a good way to learn about its capabilities.

Happy New Year!

library(ape)

#Input: dat—an object of class ‘DNAbin’

titv<-function(dat){
mat<-as.matrix(dat)
res<-matrix(NA, ncol=dim(mat)[1], nrow=dim(mat)[1], dimnames=list(x=names(dat), y=names(dat)))
for(i in 1:dim(mat)[1]){
for(j in 1:dim(mat)[1]){
vec<-as.numeric(mat[i,])+as.numeric(mat[j,])-8
res[i,j]<-length(grep("200|56",vec)) #Transitions
res[j,i]<-length(grep("152|168|88|104",vec)) #Transversions
}
}
res
}

#Example

data(woodmouse)

ti<-titv(woodmouse)
tv<-t(ti) tv[lower.tri(tv)] #Number of transversions
ti[lower.tri(ti)] #Number of transitions

#Saturation plot
dist<-dist.dna(woodmouse) plot(ti[lower.tri(ti)]~dist)
points(tv[lower.tri(tv)]~dist, pch=20, col=”red”)

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