Le Monde puzzle [#1094]

April 22, 2019
By

(This article was first published on R – Xi'an's Og, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers)

A rather blah number Le Monde mathematical puzzle:

Find all integer multiples of 11111 with exactly one occurrence of each decimal digit..

Which I solved by brute force, by looking at the possible range of multiples (and  borrowing stringr:str_count from Robin!)

> combien=0
> for (i in 90001:900008){
  j=i*11111
  combien=combien+(min(stringr::str_count(j,paste(0:9)))==1)}
> combien
[1] 3456

And a bonus one:

Find all integers y that can write both as x³ and (10z)³+a with 1≤a≤999.

which does not offer much in terms of solutions since x³-v³=(x-v)(x²+xv+v²)=a shows that x² is less than 2a/3, meaning x is at most 25. Among such numbers only x=11,12 lead to a solution as x³=1331,1728.

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