**Digital Age Economist on Digital Age Economist**, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers]. (You can report issue about the content on this page here)

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As one gets more interested in building your own custom functions, you quickly start realising that unless your functions are `tidyverse`

friendly, standardising your code workflow becomes a problem. So, how do you make your customs play well with your favourite `tidyverse`

packages? Our friendly little helpers are going to be `enquo`

and `quos`

. I am going to build a function that calculates the proportion and cumulative proportion of a grouping variable.

```
suppressPackageStartupMessages(library(dplyr))
prop_count <- function(df, vars){
vars_col <- enquo(vars)
print(vars_col)
df %>%
count(!!vars_col, sort = T) %>%
mutate(prop_n = prop.table(n)) %>%
mutate(cumsum_n = cumsum(prop_n))
}
dplyr::starwars %>%
prop_count(homeworld)
```

`## `
## expr: ^homeworld
## env: 000000000C4567B8

```
## # A tibble: 49 x 4
## homeworld n prop_n cumsum_n
##
```
## 1 Naboo 11 0.126 0.126
## 2 Tatooine 10 0.115 0.241
## 3 10 0.115 0.356
## 4 Alderaan 3 0.0345 0.391
## 5 Coruscant 3 0.0345 0.425
## 6 Kamino 3 0.0345 0.460
## 7 Corellia 2 0.0230 0.483
## 8 Kashyyyk 2 0.0230 0.506
## 9 Mirial 2 0.0230 0.529
## 10 Ryloth 2 0.0230 0.552
## # ... with 39 more rows

From the output we can see that quosures are quoted expressions that keep track of an environment or function and we can use the *bang bang* (`!!`

) to evaluate (or unquote) the columns. What happens when we are looking to get the proportional count of multiple variable?

```
dplyr::starwars %>%
prop_count(homeworld, species)
```

```
## Error in prop_count(., homeworld, species): unused argument (species)
```

We get an error, as the second argument in the function is interpreted as exactly that, a second argument. We want our function to accommodate multiple grouping variables. This is where `quos`

and `...`

come in. The *ellips* is analogous to multiple arguments or input.

```
prop_count <- function(df, ...){
vars_col <- quos(...)
print(vars_col)
df %>%
count(!!!vars_col, sort = T) %>%
mutate(prop_n = prop.table(n)) %>%
mutate(cumsum_n = cumsum(prop_n))
}
dplyr::starwars %>%
prop_count(homeworld, species)
```

```
## [[1]]
##
```
## expr: ^homeworld
## env: 000000000BFAE918
##
## [[2]]
##
## expr: ^species
## env: 000000000BFAE918

```
## # A tibble: 58 x 5
## homeworld species n prop_n cumsum_n
##
```
## 1 Tatooine Human 8 0.0920 0.0920
## 2 Naboo Human 5 0.0575 0.149
## 3 Human 5 0.0575 0.207
## 4 Alderaan Human 3 0.0345 0.241
## 5 Naboo Gungan 3 0.0345 0.276
## 6 Corellia Human 2 0.0230 0.299
## 7 Coruscant Human 2 0.0230 0.322
## 8 Kamino Kaminoan 2 0.0230 0.345
## 9 Kashyyyk Wookiee 2 0.0230 0.368
## 10 Mirial Mirialan 2 0.0230 0.391
## # ... with 48 more rows

Now our function accommodates multiple inputs in the `tidyverse`

fashion! If you feel like reading more about Non-standard evaluation, go read the full documentation

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**Digital Age Economist on Digital Age Economist**.

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