Euler Problem 11: Largest Product in a Grid

February 9, 2017

(This article was first published on The Devil is in the Data, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers)

Euler Problem 11 Definition

In the 20×20 grid below, four numbers along a diagonal line have been marked in red.

Euler problem 11

The product of these numbers is 26 × 63 × 78 × 14 = 1,788,696. What is the greatest product of four adjacent numbers in the same direction (up, down, left, right, or diagonally) in the 20 by 20 grid?


The solution applies straightforward vector arithmetic. The product of all verticals is an array of the product of rows 1 to 4, rows 2 to 5 and so on. The code uses a similar logic for the horizontals and the diagonals.

#Read and convert data
square <- readLines("Euler/p011_matrix.txt")
square <- as.numeric(unlist(lapply(square, function(x){strsplit(x, " ")})))
square <- matrix(square, ncol=20)

# Define products
prod.vert <- square[1:17, ] * square[2:18, ] * square[3:19, ] * square[4:20, ]
prod.hori <- square[,1:17] * square[,2:18] * square[,3:19] * square[,4:20]
prod.dia1 <- square[1:17, 1:17] * square[2:18, 2:18] * square[3:19, 3:19] * square[4:20, 4:20]
prod.dia2 <- square[4:20, 1:17] * square[3:19, 2:18] * square[2:18, 3:19] * square[1:17, 4:20]

answer <- max(prod.vert, prod.hori, prod.dia1, prod.dia2)




The post Euler Problem 11: Largest Product in a Grid appeared first on The Devil is in the Data.

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