# A Quick Note in Weighting with nlme

December 18, 2012
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I’ve been doing a lot of meta-analytic things lately. More on that anon. But one quick thing that came up was variance weighting with mixed models in R, and after a few web searches, I wanted to post this, more as a note-to-self and others than anything. Now, in a simple linear model, weighting by variance or sample size is straightforward.

``` #variance lm(y ~ x, data = dat, weights = 1/v)   #sample size lm(y ~ x, data = dat, weights = n) ```

You can use the same sort of weights argument with lmer. But, what about if you’re using nlme? There are reasons to do so. Things change a bit, as nlme uses a wide array of weighting functions for the variance to give it some wonderful flexibility – indeed, it’s a reason to use nlme in the first place! But, for such a simple case, to get the equivalent of the above, here’s the tricky little difference. I’m using gls, generalized least squares, but this should work for lme as well.

``` #variance gls(y ~ x, data=dat, weights = ~v)   #sample size gls(y ~ x, data = dat, weights = ~1/n) ```

OK, end note to self. Thanks to John Griffin for prompting this.

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